Laniste 2 is a primary mass grave at Mount Grmec, 15 kilometres from the town of Kljuc in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina. The mass grave was discovered by the police in October 1995 immediately after the end of the occupation of the area by the Bosnian Serb Army and Serbian paramilitary units. The exhumation process started in October 1996 and uncovered the remains of 77 people, of whom 70 have been identified.
The grave was located on an overgrown meadow, surrounded by woods and intersected by several paths. During the exhumation, ammunition, bullets, fuel canisters and steel cables over eight metres long were discovered. Police and the exhumation team also discovered an identity card with the name Hasan Zukic. The location of the mass grave remains unmarked.
On May 31, 1992, the Bosnian Serb Army told men from the village of Velagici in the Kljuc municipality to go to the village school to get registration cards from the new Bosnian Serb municipality administration. The men were taken captive at the school and the next day, at least 78 men were lined up and shot in front of the school. The bodies were then taken for burial in the Laniste 2 mass grave. “Two trucks and a digger came. They loaded the bodies and drove them towards Laniste,” said Marinko Miljevic, a Bosnian Serb military policeman.
Miljevic was charged by the Bosnian prosecution with crimes against humanity alongside Ilija Krcmar, Bosko Uncanin, Svetislav Racic, Zeljko Bajic, Dragan Despot and two men with the same name, Nikola Cuk. The case against Krcmar, Racic, Bajic and the two men called Cuk was subsequently transferred to the Serbian judiciary.
Former Bosnian Serb Army soldiers Marko Adamovic and Bosko Lukic were sentenced to 22 and 14 years in prison respectively for their roles in the expulsions and killings of Bosniaks in Kljuc in 1992. They were found guilty of involvement in the attack on the village of Velagici in early June 1992, after which men of combat age were locked up in the nearby school, and at least 78 of them executed. Wartime Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic was also convicted of crimes in the Kljuc area, including the crimes in Velagici.
There is now a village cemetery at the execution site with 121 markers for the Velagici dead, including those found in the Laniste 2 mass grave.