The Glogova 1 mass grave was exhumed in 2000, a year after the exhumation was completed on the Glogova 2 mass grave, both in the municipality of Bratunac in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. After the US provided an aerial image showing the ground at the site had been disturbed, ICTY investigators found the remains of more than 200 people, most of them killed during the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995.
Most of the victims were male, aged from 12 to 75, while at least 26 of them were aged under 24. Eleven of them were under 17.
When the grave was discovered, recognisable clothing was found, none of it military. Most of the bodies had gunshot wounds and a quarter of them had signs of burns.
The mass grave was located on the road from Bratunac to Konjevic Polje, in open fields, surrounded by a few houses. It remains unmarked.
ICTY forensic teams also found pieces of smashed masonry and doors at the Glogova 1 site which could have come from a warehouse in Kravica, where on July 13, 1995, Bosnian Serb soldiers executed 1,313 Bosniak men. Automatic weapons, hand grenades, and other weapons were used to kill the men inside the warehouse. Between July 14 and 16, 1995, heavy equipment arrived and removed the victims’ bodies to two large mass graves in the nearby villages of Glogova and Ravnice.
Glogova 1 and Glogova 2 are primary mass graves and initially contained many more remains, but in a subsequent cover-up operation by Bosnian Serb forces in the fall of 1995, bodies were transported from there to at least 16 reburial locations that have been discovered so far, according to the Bosnian Institute for Missing Persons.
International and domestic courts’ verdicts have found that the Engineering Unit of the Bosnian Serb Army’s Zvornik Brigade participated in burying the bodies in the primary mass graves in July 1995.
The subsequent operation to conceal the crimes that took place between August and November 1995 was described by the ICTY as “an organised and comprehensive effort… to hide the executions by exhuming the bodies from primary mass graves and reburying them in secondary graves”.
So far, the ICTY and domestic courts in the Balkans have sentenced a total of 47 people to more than 700 years in prison, plus five life sentences, for Srebrenica crimes.